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LTD Glossary



ACCESSIBLE SERVICES: An LTD program that encompasses policy development and compliance with the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) for both fixed-route and paratransit services; administration of the Special Transportation Fund (STF) for older adults and people with disabilities and other grant funded services; technical assistance through grant writing and contract management; program development for services throughout Lane County; and oversight of the RideSource Call Center. Primary focus is transportation for older adults, people with disabilities, and persons with low incomes.

ACH: Automated Clearing House – The process/organization/institute that electronic payments (paperless checks) go through before being transmitted to a vendor’s bank account.

ACT: Area Commission on Transportation – Advisory body chartered by the Oregon Transportation Commission (OTC) addressing all aspects of transportation (surface, marine, air, and transportation safety) with primary focus on the state transportation system.

ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 - Federal civil rights legislation for people with disabilities; requires accessibility features and practices on public transit systems and the provision of a “complementary paratransit service” for persons unable to use regularly scheduled fixed-route services due to a disability.

ADAAA: Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 – Effective January 1, 2009, the amendments to the ADA clarifies and reiterates who is covered by the law’s civil rights protections and revises the definition of “disability” to more broadly encompass impairments that substantially limit a major life activity. The law also states that mitigating measures, including assistive devices, auxiliary aids, accommodations, medical therapies, and supplies have no bearing in determining whether a disability qualifies under the law.

AD HOC FARE POLICY COMMITTEE: The Ad Hoc Fare Policy Committee is a short-term committee created for the purpose of reviewing the District’s fare system. The committee will provide recommendations to the Board of Directors regarding the current fare system structure.

ADOPTED BUDGET: Final version of the budget formally adopted by Resolution by the LTD Board of Directors.

ALTERNATIVE FUELS: Low-polluting fuels that are used to propel a vehicle instead of high-sulfur diesel or gasoline. Examples include methanol, ethanol, propane or compressed natural gas, liquid natural gas, ultra-low-sulfur or “clean” diesel, and electricity.

AMERICAN RESCUE PLAN ACT (ARPA): Provides federal coronavirus relief grant funds allocated based on a set formula given a district’s population and ridership. Grant funds can be used for operating expenses only and have an expiration date of September 30, 2024.

ANNUAL REPORT: An annual financial report on assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenditures prepared in a standardized format that must conform to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and the Government Accounting Standards Board (GASB) accounting and financial reporting standards. The Annual Report describes what actually was spent and the status of assets and liabilities at the end of the fiscal year.

APPROPRIATION TRANSFER: To move appropriations between existing categories within a fund or between two funds or to transfer appropriations and resources from a fund to any other fund.

APPROVED BUDGET: Version of the budget agreed upon by the Budget Committee that is presented to the Board of Directors for adoption.

APTA: American Public Transportation Association – A national, nonprofit trade association representing the public transit industry. APTA members include more than 400 public transit systems, as well as state and local departments of transportation and planning agencies, manufacturers and suppliers of transit equipment, consultants, contractors, and universities.

ARBITRATION: A method of settling disputes where labor and management present their case to an impartial third party, called an arbitrator, who has the responsibility to decide the case.

ARR: Annual Route Review – A yearly process where staff consider changes to bus service. The changes can include service additions or deletions adjustments or redesign of current service.

ARRC: Accident Route Review Committee – A team of elected and appointed employees who review accidents and make a determination of preventability based on standards, policy, and best practices. This committee may also review routing changes and make recommendations based on safety and training.

ARTICULATED BUS: A bus, usually 55 feet or more in length, with two connected passenger compartments that bend at the connecting point when the bus turns a corner.

ASUO: Associated Students of the University of Oregon – A nonprofit organization funded by the University of Oregon. Its purpose is to provide for the social, cultural, educational, and physical development of its members, and for the advancement of their individual and collective interests both within and without the University. The ASUO is the student government, is run by students for students, and works on campus, city, state, and federal-level campaigns. Membership consists of all students at the University of Oregon who have paid the current term or semester student incidental fee.

ATU: Amalgamated Transit Union – A major labor union representing workers in the transit industry. Membership is limited to operators, mechanics, and other nonsupervisory employees of the transit industry.

AVL/APC: Automated Vehicle Location System/ Automated Passenger Count System – An ITS system that provides current and immediately available data on actual ridership, including on and off counts by stop and trip length in miles.

AWC: Alternative Work Concepts – A local nonprofit agency specializing in vocational services.


BAT LANES: Business Access and Transit Lanes – Lanes that are reserved for transit or vehicles intending to turn at the next intersection (or beforehand, into a business driveway) and for those vehicles merging left or right after turning into a designated BAT lane.

BID: A process (and resulting work assignments) in which bus operators pick the runs they will be driving on a weekly basis. Major bids are fall, winter, and summer.

BI-DIRECTIONAL LANE: A single lane that uses block signaling to allow transit vehicles to travel in both directions.

BINDING ARBITRATION: Arbitration with a final and binding award, which is often enforceable in the courts.

BLOCK: A block links trips together and varies from 2 hours to 19 hours in duration. A specific vehicle is assigned to each block.

BLOCK SIGNALING: Technology to control vehicle access in bi-directional lane segments.

BOARDINGS: A boarding, or unlinked trip, occurs every time a customer boards a bus. A trip requiring a transfer would count as two boardings.

BRT: Bus Rapid Transit – A bus system based on light-rail transit principles, which utilizes buses rather than trains and track, and requires much lower capital investment. Key elements include exclusive right-of-way, signal priority, increased service frequency, low-floor, multiple-door buses, and a prepaid fare mechanism.

BUDGET COMMITTEE: The Committee meets on an as-needed basis but generally convenes in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year in time to provide advice to the Board of Directors prior to the adoption of an annual budget. The Committee is composed of all seven Board members and seven citizen members. Each LTD Board member selects one citizen member to fill a term of three years.


CAC: Citizens Advisory Committee – Representative stakeholders who meet regularly to discuss issues of common concern, such as transportation, and to advise sponsoring agency officials. These groups effectively interact between citizens and their government.

CARES ACT: The Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security –Act provides federal coronavirus relief grant funds allocated based on a set formula given a district’s population and ridership. Grant funds can be used for operating or capital expenses and do not expire.

CATC: Comprehensive and Accessible Transportation Committee – A state-mandated advisory committee that reports to the LTD Board of Directors and LTD staff on issues related to accessible public transportation and human services transportation throughout Lane County. The CATC is composed of 16 members representing seniors and people with disabilities, including representatives from east, west, and South Lane County. Members also represent rural service providers, South Lane Wheels, Rhody Express, and the Diamond Express.

CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION: A category of actions that do not require an environmental assessment nor environmental impact statement as determined by the federal government.

CALL CENTER: (See Medicaid Transportation Brokerage and RideSource Call Center)

CARPOOL/VANPOOL PROGRAM: A Transportation Options program that encourages commuters to share rides by providing matching services and incentives. (Also known as Rideshare)

CCO: Coordinated Care Organization – These organizations are contractors of the Oregon Health Authority to contract and manage services provided under the Oregon Health Plan. In Lane County, these include PacificSource and Trillium, who contract with LTD’s RideSource Call Center to provide transportation to eligible individuals who reside in Lane County.

CERTIFICATE OF EXCELLENCE: An award issued by the Governmental Finance Officers Achievement Association (GFOA) to organizations such as LTD whose comprehensive annual financial reports (Annual Reports) achieve the highest standards in government accounting and financial reporting.

CFR: Code of Federal Regulations – The codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government.

CIP: Community Investment Plan – A rolling ten year plan of investments to enable LTD to continue to provide reliable transportation services in a fiscally responsible and sustainable way.

CLMPO: Central Lane Metropolitan Planning Organization – Formal name for the Eugene-Springfield metropolitan area (See MPO.)

CMAQ: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality – An improvement program through the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) to provide a flexible funding source to state and local governments for transportation projects and programs to help meet the requirements of the Clean Air Act.

CM/GC: Construction Manager/General Contractor – A construction delivery method where the construction manager acts as the general contractor with schedule and cost risk. The CM/ GC provides design phase assistance in evaluating costs, schedule, and implications of systems and materials during design.

CMP: Congestion Mitigation Program – Implementation of programs and services to increase the use of transportation options during and after major infrastructure projects in our area.

CNG: Compressed Natural Gas – A clean-burning alternative fuel for vehicles.

COA: Comprehensive Operations Analysis – A detailed study of a transit system designed to identify existing strengths, areas for improvement and options to improve efficiency and increase usage.

COLA: Cost of Living Adjustment (Allowance) – An increase or decrease in employees’ wages or salaries made on the basis of changes in agreed-upon economic indices, usually the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

COMMUNITY EVENTS: Community events are defined as both one-time events, such as the 2012 U.S. Track and Field Olympic Trials at UO’s Hayward Field, and annual or recurring events, such as the Butte to Butte.

COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW: Formerly known as Triennial Review this is an FTA audit of LTD policies, procedures, and internal controls required every three years.

CONNECTOREGON: ConnectOregon is a lottery-bond-based initiative ($42 million) approved by the Oregon Legislative Assembly to invest in air, rail, marine, bicycle, pedestrian, and transit infrastructure to ensure Oregon’s transportation system is strong, diverse, and efficient.

CONTRACT COMMITTEE: The Committee provides the Board of Directors with oversight and recommendations of Lane Transit District’s finances. The Committee is responsible to review and make recommendations to the Board of Directors regarding all contracts valuing $150,000 and above as set forth in resolution 2017-03-15-011. The Contract Committee is composed of three Board members and meets on the second Monday of the month on an as-needed basis.

COVERAGE: Coverage is used to describe the design of a bus route. Coverage is often measured as the percentage of households that are within one-quarter mile of a bus stop.

CPI: Consumer Price Index – An economic index created by the federal government to track inflationary changes in the cost of a market basket of goods and services.

CSC: Customer Service Center – Located at the Eugene Station for the purpose of providing route and schedule information, and the sale of fare instruments.

CRRSA: Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act – Provides federal coronavirus relief grant funds allocated based on a set formula given a district’s population and ridership. Grant funds can be used for operating expenses only and do not expire.

CSR: Comprehensive Service Redesign – Evaluation and restructuring of the entire service system

CTAA: Community Transportation Association of America – A national member association promoting effective public and community transportation services focusing on rural, small city, and community transit. CTAA acts as a legislative advocate, provider of funding to rural transportation, and direct technical assistance and information to public, community, and human service transportation providers.


D&A: Drug and Alcohol DAS Department of Administrative Services (State of Oregon)

DBE: Disadvantaged Business Enterprise – A business owned and operated by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.

DCE: Documented Categorical Exclusion – Environmental analysis where a project may qualify as a categorical exclusion (CE) but requires additional documentation demonstrating that the specific conditions or criteria for the CEs are satisfied and that significant effects will not result.

DD: Developmental Disabilities – A physical and/or mental impairment that occurs before a person is 22 years old. The impairment has continued or can be expected to continue indefinitely and is likely to create barriers to the ability of the individual to function independently. As defined by Oregon Administrative Rule.

DEADHEAD: The movement of a transit vehicle without passengers aboard, often to and from a garage or to and from one route to another.

DEFINED BENEFIT PLAN: A type of pension plan in which an employer promises a specified monthly benefit on retirement that is predetermined by a formula based on the employee’s earnings history, tenure of service and age, rather than depending on investment returns.

DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLAN: A type of retirement plan in which the amount of the employer’s annual contribution is specified. Individual accounts set up for participants and benefits are based on the amounts credited to these accounts (through employer contributions and, if applicable, employee contributions) plus any investment earnings on the money in the account.

DEI: LTD’s Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) Employee Committee meets monthly to discuss the intersections of race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, nationality, socioeconomic status, language, (dis) ability, age religious commitment and political perspective, as well as to share information to create understanding and appreciation among colleagues and others in the community.

DEIS: Draft Environmental Impact Statement – A document required by the National Environmental Policy Act for federal government agency actions “significantly affecting the quality of the human environment.” A tool for decision making. An EIS describes the positive and negative environmental effects of proposed agency action and cites alternative actions.

DEMAND RESPONSE: Service on demand, often referred to as Dial-a-Ride or paratransit. Unlike a fixed-route system, there is no regular schedule and typically requires riders to schedule in advance. May offer a door-to-door or curb-to-curb assistance. Often used in reference to “complementary paratransit” services required under the Americans with Disabilities Act.

DHS: Department of Human Services (State of Oregon)

DIAMOND EXPRESS: Service introduced in March 2003 that makes an intercity connection between Oakridge and Eugene-Springfield three times each weekday. Coordinated through Accessible Services and funded with grants from Federal Section 5311(f) Intercity Passenger Program, Special Transportation Fund, and local contributions.

DMAP: Division of Medical Assistance Programs (State of Oregon) – DMAP, part of the Oregon Health Authority (OHA), determines policy and Oregon Administrative Rules for medical assistance programs. It is responsible for Title XIX and Title XXI State Plans, informs clients and providers about policy and rule changes that affect OHA services, and pays claims and contracted payments for covered health care services.

DOL: Department of Labor (Federal)

DOR: Department of Revenue (State of Oregon)

DOT: Department of Transportation (Federal) – A cabinet-level agency with responsibility for highways, mass transit, aviation, and ports; headed by the Secretary of Transportation. The DOT includes the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), among others.

DPS: District Public Safety (LTD) – An LTD workgroup housed within Transit Operations.

DWELL TIME: Length of time a bus is stopped to load and unload passengers.


EA: Environmental Assessment – A public document that analyzes a proposed federal action for the possibility of significant environmental impacts. The analysis is required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). If the environmental impacts will be significant, the federal agency must then prepare an environmental impact statement.

EC: Employee Council – A group that represents the administrative employees of the District.

ECC: Equity and Community Consortium – An information and resource sharing and coordination forum for agencies and jurisdictions that provide governmental and public services in the Eugene-Springfield metropolitan area. The ECC reaffirms, renews, and expands the purpose, goals, and efforts embodied in the District’s revised Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Policy.

ECONOMIC INDICATOR: Statistical representation used in tracking the health of the economy. Examples include the Consumer Price Index and the Unemployment Rate.

EFT PAYMENT: Electronic Funds Transfer for Payments – Payments that are transferred from LTD’s bank account to a vendor’s bank account via an electronic file transmission on the bank’s website; another name for paperless checks.

EHRC: Eugene Human Rights Commission

EIS: Environmental Impact Statement – An analysis, conducted for federally funded or approved projects per the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), of the environmental impacts of proposed land development and transportation projects.

ERH: Emergency Ride Home – A program sponsored and funded by the Point2point program that provides emergency rides to employees who have commuted to work by means other than driving alone.

EMX: (pronounced “MX”) The name given to LTD’s bus rapid transit system; short for Emerald Express.

EMX WEST: Formerly referred to as West Eugene EmX Extension (WEEE), EmX West is an extension of the EmX Green Line that connects downtown Eugene and the West 11th Avenue area.

EPA: Environmental Protection Agency – The U.S. government agency founded to “protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment—air, water, and land—upon which life depends.”

ES: Eugene Station – LTD’s main transit hub.

ETC PROGRAM: Employer Transportation Coordinator Program – Training and support offered to ETCs from worksites throughout the region.

EXTRA BOARD (EB): Bus operators who bid to work a schedule that changes daily based on specific work rules. Extra Board operators receive their work assignments for the next day at 4:45 p.m. and are guaranteed minimum 40 pay hours per week.


FALL BID The term “bid” refers to the selection of work by bus operators. Operators bid based upon their seniority in the union. LTD has three bids per year: fall, winter, and summer. Service adjustments are timed with the bids.

FARE INSTRUMENT Ticket or pass purchased in advance that is used as payment for a transit ride.

FARE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: Automated system to manage sales, collection, and tracking of fare media while providing access and convenience for the customers.

FAREBOX RECOVERY RATIO: Also known as farebox-to-operating cost ratio, this measures the percentage of the operating cost paid by customers. It is computed as the total farebox revenue (including sale of passes) divided by the total operating cost.

FAST ACT: Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act – Bipartisan, bicameral, five-year legislation signed into law December 2015 to improve the Nation’s surface transportation infrastructure, including roads, bridges, transit systems, and passenger rail network. In addition to authorizing programs to strengthen this vital infrastructure, the FAST Act also enhances federal safety programs for highways, public transportation, motor carrier, hazardous materials, and passenger rail.


Section 5307 (Formula) Urbanized Area Formula Program – Federal grant funds allocated based on a set formula given a district’s population and ridership.

Section 5308 (Clean Fuels) Clean Fuels Grant Program – Federal grant funds allocated to support emerging clean fuel and advanced propulsion technologies for transit buses and markets for those technologies.

Section 5309 (Discretionary) Capital investment program for the Federal Transit Administration under 49 USC 5309. Allows federal grant funds to be allocated based on congressional discretion to finance New Starts, Small Starts, and Core Capacity projects.

Section 5310 Elderly and Persons with Disabilities Formula Program – Federal grant program that provides capital assistance primarily for transportation for the elderly and people with disabilities.

Section 5311 Rural General Public Program – Federal grant program that provides formula funding to states for the purpose of supporting public transportation in areas of less than 50,000 in population. Funding may be used for capital, operating, state administration, and project administration expenses.

Section 5311 (f) Intercity Passenger Program – Federal grant program that promotes intercity passenger services, connecting rural communities through incentive funding, information, and equipment to make vehicles accessible. Emphasis is placed on connecting communities of 2,500 or more with the next larger market economy and connecting bus, rail and air.

Section 5339 Alternative Analysis Program – Provides funding for new fixed guideway investment alternatives analyses.

FIXED GUIDEWAY: A public transportation facility using and occupying a separate right-of-way for the exclusive use of public transportation.

FIXED-ROUTE SERVICE: Fixed-route is the traditional term for bus service that operates on a specific schedule and along a consistent route. An alternative to fixed-route service would be demand-responsive service where routing and scheduling are created daily based upon the individual needs of riders.

FLEET CAPACITY: Maximum amount of service that can be delivered using all available buses in the fleet, excluding a minimum number of spare buses held in reserve for bus replacement in case of a breakdown, maintenance, and operator training.

FM: Facilities Management (LTD) – An LTD workgroup.

FMO: Financial Management Oversight – A periodic review of a transit district’s financial policy, procedures, and internal related controls performed by independent consultants and paid for by the FTA.

FONSI: Finding of No Significant Impact – A National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) compliance document that affirms that an environmental assessment found that alternatives were evaluated and a proposed action would have no significant impact on the human environment.

FRANKLIN EMX CORRIDOR: An EmX route from downtown Eugene to downtown Springfield.

FREQUENCY OF SERVICE: The number of transit vehicles in a given period passing by any given point on a route.

FSA: Flexible Spending Account – A benefit offered to an employee by an employer that allows a fixed amount of pre-tax wages to be set aside for qualified expenses. Qualified expenses may include child care or uncovered medical expenses. The amount set aside must be determined in advance and employees lose any unused dollars in the account at year-end.

FTA: Federal Transit Administration – An administration in the U.S. Department of Transportation that assists in developing improved mass transportation methods, techniques, facilities, and equipment; encourages planning and establishment of urban mass transportation systems; and assists states and local governments and their authorities in financing urban mass transportation systems.

FTN: Frequent Transit Network – Projects that encompass the planning, design, and construction of service that increases capacity along major transportation corridors. The FTN strengthens regional connectivity by tying service and investment decisions to the level of development along corridors.


GASB: Governmental Accounting Standards Board – An accounting industry organization, part of the Financial Accounting Foundation, that issues Statements of Financial Accounting Standards that define and govern generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for state and local government entities in the United States.

GATEWAY EMX EXTENSION: An extension of the EmX Green Line that connects downtown Springfield with the Gateway area.

GATEWAY TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM: Assistance supplied by Point2point to reduce congestion, coordinate information and educational services, and work with businesses, property owners, and agency representatives to implement a variety of Transportation Option strategies in the Gateway area.

GDT: Green Dream Team – A group that exists to guide and facilitate a collaborative cross-departmental effort that will support LTD’s mission of creating a more vibrant, sustainable, and equitable community.

GEOGRAPHIC COVERAGE: Geographic coverage is the measure of how close transit service comes to where residents live. It will often be referred to as the percentage of households within a quarter-mile walking distance to a transit route.

GFOA: Government Finance Officers Association – A national group responsible for issuance of the Certificate of Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting.

GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE PAYROLL TAXES: Revenues from the State of Oregon in lieu of payment of employer payroll taxes. Also known as “State-in-lieu.”

GPP: Group Pass Program – Program designed for organizations to allow bulk purchase of transit passes for all members of the group at a significant cost savings.

GPS: Global Positioning System – Satellitebased information system required for real-time automated vehicle location system and passenger information system.

GUIDEWAY: Transit-only lane with curbs; used interchangeably with “transitway.”


HALF-FARE PROGRAM: A federally mandated program that requires transit districts to charge older adults and persons with disabilities one-half the adult cash fare during off-peak hours.

HEADWAY: Time interval between vehicles moving in the same direction on a particular route.

HOV: High-Occupancy Vehicle – A vehicle that can carry two or more persons. Examples of high occupancy vehicles are a bus, vanpool, and carpool. These vehicles sometimes have exclusive traffic lanes called HOV lanes, busways, transitways, or commuter lanes.

HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act – A U.S. law designed to provide privacy standards to protect patients’ medical records and other health information provided to health plans, doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers.

HR: Human Resources and Risk Management – An LTD workgroup.

HRA: Health Reimbursement Account – A tax-deferred arrangement (account) that is paid for solely by the employer, which reimburses the employee for medical care expenses incurred by the employee, employee spouse, and dependents. Amounts not used in a calendar year can be rolled over into consecutive calendar years, and therefore accumulate over time.

HUMAN RESOURCES COMMITTEE: The Human Resources (HR) Committee provides the Board of Directors with oversight and recommendations related to Lane Transit District’s relationship with its General Manager, including the General Manager’s goals, annual performance evaluation, performance, and compensation. The HR Committee is composed of three Board members who meet on the second Thursday of the month on an as needed basis to discuss issues related to LTD’s employees.

HYBRID: Abbreviation for hybrid-electric – Vehicle propulsion systems that are a combination of gas or diesel and electricity. EmX vehicles and Camry Hybrid automobiles are examples in the LTD fleet.


INTERMODAL: The ability to connect, and the connections between, modes of transportation.

IT: Information Technology (LTD) – An LTD workgroup.

ITS: Intelligent Transportation Systems – Advanced technologies systems like signal priority and automated vehicle locating that foster the use of advanced technologies to improve the safety, reliability, and efficiency of public transportation systems.


LANEACT: Lane Area Commission on Transportation – An advisory body established to provide a forum for stakeholders to collaborate on transportation issues affecting Lane County and to strengthen state/local partnerships in transportation.

LC: Leadership Council – LTD’s management team that addresses issues of the day.

LCC: Lane Community College LCOG Lane Council of Governments – A voluntary organization of local governments that strives for comprehensive, regional planning.

LIVABILITY INITIATIVE: A joint venture of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to promote livable communities, improve the quality of life for more Americans, and create more transportation choices that serve the needs of individual communities.

LOC: Local Organizing Committee. The Local Organizing Committee is a term used for the local organizer of the 2021 Track & Field World Championships.

LOCAL BUDGET LAW: State of Oregon statutory requirements governing the budget process, as detailed in Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS) 294.305-565.

LPA: Locally Preferred Alternative – A federal term for the preferred design for a project.


MAIN-MCVAY GOVERNANCE COMMITTEE: The Our Main Street projects are coordinated through a three-tiered management structure that includes project direction provided by an ad hoc Governance Team membership and protocols.

MAP-21: “Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century” – Transportation authorization, signed by President Obama, effective October 1, 2012, to restructure federal investments of surface transportation.

MARK-OFF: Mark-off time is time that is paid to bus operators for doing duties other than their regular assignment, e.g., committee work, proofreading, etc.

MEDICAID FUND: A fund within LTD’s budget that includes transactions for transportation services provided under Medicaid for eligible participants.

MEDICAID TRANSPORTATION BROKERAGE: A centralized access point to provide transportation services. LTD contracts with the Oregon Department of Human Services Department of Medical Assistance Programs (DMAP). A broker provides call taking, eligibility verification, scheduling, and quality assurance for Non-Emergent Medical Transportation and non-medical transportation for eligible clientele.

MEDICAID WAIVERED NON-MEDICAL: Transportation for Medicaid recipients who have a qualifying care plan managed by a Senior and Disability Services Case Manager under a Medicaid waiver. A certain amount of local transportation supports people staying in their homes or other community setting rather than residing in a nursing care facility. Also called community-based transportation within the RideSource Call Center and is one of the services offered.

MINI-EXTRA BOARD (MXB): Same as Extra Board except that Mini-Extra Board bus operators are guaranteed 60 hours per biweekly pay period instead of 80 hours.

MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: Making innovative use of the transit resources to respond to the demands of customers, which may include: providing non-traditional services such as vanpool, ride-share, or demand-responsive services; implementing technologies that increase travel options or convenience; providing information on all modes and ridesharing at a single call center; or influencing land use in favor of transit.

MOD: Mobility on Demand – A flexible demandresponse system complimenting and connecting people to their community and to the transportation network system.

MODAL SPLIT: Percentage of the total participants using a particular method of transportation to an activity or event.

MODE: A specific form of transportation, such as automobile, subway, bus, rail, or air.

MOVING AHEAD: A cooperative effort of the City of Eugene, Lane Transit District, and regional partners in the community to determine what improvements are needed on some of our most important transportation corridors. This effort will be carried out through multiple phases over the next several years. The first phase of effort will lead to the identification of up to four priority corridors which would then undergo further development work leading to capital investments related to the transit system as well as other modes of travel.

MOVING AHEAD OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE: The City of Eugene and the Lane Transit District (LTD) are working with the community to prioritize corridors for near-term enhancements that serve people using transit, biking, walking, and mobility devices. MovingAhead will build from Envision Eugene and LTD’s Long Range Transit Plan. These documents call for improving service for people using transit and facilities for people biking and walking in our community.

MPC: Metropolitan Policy Committee – An intergovernmental committee created for problem solving and to resolve intergovernmental disagreements between the cities of Eugene and Springfield, and Lane County.

MPO: Metropolitan Planning Organization – A federally required transportation planning body responsible for the regional transportation plan and the MTIP in its region: Lane Council of Governments (LCOG) is the designated MPO for this region.

MTIP: Metro Transportation Improvement Program – A federally mandated planning document that lists highway and transit projects for the region, approved by the MPC, and submitted to the state for inclusion in the State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP).

MTM: Medical Transportation Management – Contractor providing RideSource brokerage operations. Medical Transportation Management, Inc., manages ADA and NEMT transportation and related services for systems across the U.S.

MULTIMODAL: A trip involving several types of transportation, such as both rail and bus.


NEMT Non-Emergent Medical Transportation – Trips provided through the RideSource Call Center for persons qualified for Oregon Health Plan Plus (OHP+) and who have no other reliable means of getting to and from Medicaid-covered medical services.

NEPA: National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 – An act to establish a national policy for the environment, to provide for the establishment of a Council on Environmental Quality, and for other purposes.

NEW STARTS PROGRAM: A category of the Federal Transit Administration Capital Investment Program (49 USC 5309) that is used to fund new fixed-guideway systems, or an extension to an existing fixed-guideway system such as rail and potentially bus rapid transit.

NOFA: Notification of Funding Availability – Northwest Natural Privately owned natural gas provider for the District.

NTD: National Transit Database – The system through which the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) collects uniform transit data needed by the Secretary of Transportation to administer department programs. The data consist of selected financial and operating data that describe public transportation characteristics. Recipients of FTA Urbanized Area Formula Program (Section 5307) and Nonurbanized Area Formula Program (Section 5311) are required by statute to submit data to the NTD.

NTI: National Transit Institute – Training, education, and clearinghouse services in support of public transportation in the United States.


OAA: Older Americans Act – The Older American’s Act of 1965 established the Administration on Aging, a national agency to oversee the development of services and opportunities for older people in every community across the nation.

OAR: Oregon Administrative Rules – A compilation of the administrative rules of Oregon state agencies, compiled, indexed, and published by the Secretary of State’s Office.

ODOT: Oregon Department of Transportation – A department of the Oregon state government responsible for systems of transportation

OHP+: Oregon Health Plan Plus – A state medical health plan provided to children and adults who are eligible for traditional Medicaid programs or for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

OMB: Office of Management and Budget – The office within the executive branch of the federal government that prepares the President’s annual budget, develops the federal government’s fiscal program, oversees administration of the budget and reviews government regulations.

OMPOC: Oregon Metropolitan Planning Organization Consortium – The Oregon MPO Consortium is a forum for Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO) whose purpose includes addressing Oregon’s growing transportation needs within metropolitan areas, the role of the State of Oregon in transportation investments and other related transportation needs and issues within the state.

OPEB: Other Post-Employment Benefits – Benefits received by an employee when he or she begins retirement, including health care and life insurance premiums, and deferred compensation. It does not include pension benefits.

OTHER OPERATING GRANTS: Revenues from grants for non-capital expenditures such as Transportation Demand Management and preventive maintenance.

OPS: Transit Operations (LTD) – An LTD work group.

OPTIS: Oregon Public Transit Information System – An electronic web-based software program used for managing ODOT Public Transit Division grants.

ORS: Oregon Revised Statutes – The codified laws of the State of Oregon, which is published every two years to incorporate each legislative session’s new laws.

OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration – Agency responsible for promulgating rules, setting health and safety standards, and overseeing enforcement, whether by direct federal effort or by relying on state enforcement programs.

OTA: Oregon Transit Association – Created to assist members in the development and improvement of efficient, safe, and convenient transportation services, techniques and methods, facilities, and equipment.

OTC: Oregon Transportation Commission – Establishes state transportation policy and guides the planning, development, and management of a statewide integrated transportation network. The governor appoints five commissioners, ensuring that different geographic regions of the state are represented. One member must live east of the Cascade mountain range; no more than three can belong to one political party.

OTP: Oregon Transportation Plan – The comprehensive, long-range plan for a multimodal transportation system for the state, which encompasses economic efficiency, orderly economic development, safety, and environmental quality.


P&D: Planning and Development (LTD) – An LTD work group.

P2P: Point2point – Services offered through LTD to promote and support employer programs, transportation options, and alternative modes of transportation.

P-CARD: Purchasing Card – A charge card issued to employees that works in a similar way to credit cards and can be used to purchase goods or services.

PARATRANSIT: Alternatives to traditional modes of public transit such as bus and rail. Often refers to flexibly scheduled and routed transportation services using small buses or minivans. LTD’s paratransit services are coordinated under the RideSource Call Center.

PARK & RIDE PROGRAM: A program to maintain existing sites and identify potential new sites where drivers can park their cars and either take a bus, walk, ride a bike, or meet a carpool.

PASSENGER BOARDING Occurs when a customer boards the bus.

PASSENGER MILES: The total number of miles traveled by passengers on transit vehicles; calculated by accumulating the total for all trip segments resulting from multiplying the number of passengers determined to be on board for each trip segment by the length of the trip segment.

PAYROLL TAXES: Revenues generated from tax imposed on employers within the transit district based on the employer’s payroll.

PBI: Passenger Boarding Improvements – Capital improvements to aid passengers in boarding and deboarding transit vehicles. These may include improvements to transit stations, shelters, stops, and bus stop signs, among others.

PCE: Progressive Corridor Enhancement – A program to implement incrementally various transit enhancements along a corridor. Typical enhancements include signal priority, improved stops and stations, through-routing, improved service frequency, and queue-jump lanes. Improvements could eventually lead to implementation of an EmX level of service.

PEAK SERVICE (PEAK ASSIGNMENTS): Describes the point of time during the day when the District has the maximum number of buses operating. It is often described as the a.m. peak and the p.m. peak.

PENSION TRUSTS: LTD maintains two pension trusts: one for union employees (ATU/LTD Pension Trust) and one for non-union employees hired prior to January 1, 2012 (Salaried Employees Retirement Plan. These trusts differ somewhat in basic structure, but each has a Board of Trustees that has certain oversight responsibilities. The LTD Board is responsible for appointing three Trustees to the Salaried Trust and two Trustees to the ATU/LTD Trust. The three trustees for the Salaried Trust are the LTD Board president, the general manager, and the Human Resources director. The two trustees appointed by the Board for the ATU/LTD trust are the LTD Board president and the general manager.

PM: Preventive Maintenance – The maintenance of LTD assets to keep those assets in a state of good repair.

PMP: Project Management Plan – Guiding document for the management and administration of the West Eugene EmX Extension (WEEE) project.

PMOC: Project Management Oversight Contractor – Informs FTA’s determination regarding the adequacy of the Grantee’s legal, administrative, and technical capacity, and capability to effectively and efficiently execute the project in all of its aspects, including planning, design, construction, testing, and revenue operations.

PP: Pioneer Parkway – A street in Springfield chosen for part of the Gateway EmX route.

PRIVATE PROVIDER: Contracted transportation providers, may include nonprofit providers, taxis, etc. Primarily used to expand capacity for RideSource Brokerage services.

PROPOSED BUDGET: Version of the budget presented by management to the Budget Committee.

PUD: Planned Unit Development – A type of building development and regulatory process. As a building development, it is a designed grouping of both varied and compatible land uses, such as housing, recreation, commercial centers, and industrial parks, all within one contained development or subdivision.


QUEUE JUMPERS: A transit-priority technique that allows a bus to use an exclusive lane to bypass a queue of cars to reach a signalized intersection.


REDUCED FARE PROGRAM: (See Half Fare Program.)

REPORT TIME: The time an operator is allotted to perform safety pre-check of vehicles prior to going out for the day.

REVENUE HOURS: The period of time a bus is in service, boarding and deboarding customers.

RHODY EXPRESS: A local public transit service operating in Florence coordinated through Accessible Services. Funded under Section 5311 Rural General Public Program, Special Transportation Fund, and City of Florence.

RIDER CARDS: LTD provides rider cards such as Honored Rider free fare for persons age 65 and older, or half fare for any persons with a current, valid Medicare card, or proof of receiving SSI or SSD along with a valid photo ID card. Veterans who receive 50 percent or higher disability benefit are also eligible for half fare. Persons with disabilities who need an accessible accommodation in order to ride the bus may also be eligible for half fare. The Half Fare and Honored Rider cards may be obtained at the LTD Customer Service Center.

RIDESHARE PROGRAM: A program funded by Point2point to promote sharing of one vehicle by two or more commuters. (See Carpool/ Vanpool.)

RIDESOURCE ADA SERVICE: LTD paratransit services for people with disabilities who are unable to use regular fixed-route services as mandated under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

RIDESOURCE CALL CENTER: LTD-administered call center that integrates human services and public transportation for older adults, people with disabilities, and persons of low income using a single telephone number. Provides integrated call taking, billing, scheduling, and dispatch services.

RIS: Regional Information System of Lane County – A regional service provider that offers information and technology sharing among governmental agencies.

RTOP: Regional Transportation Options Plan – A plan to both broaden and focus the definition and application of the Transportation Demand Management (TDM) elements of our local and regional transportation plans.

RTP: Regional Transportation Plan – Required by federal regulation, implemented by Lane Council of Governments.

RTSP: Regional Transportation System Plan – Required by Oregon law. Includes policies, projects, and strategies that guide regionally significant transportation investment within the Central Lane MPO. The development of this plan will involve the communities of Coburg, Eugene, and Springfield, including citizens, staff, and elected officials.

RUN CUT: A run, also known as a duty, is a piece of work handled by bus operators. A block is how a bus is assigned to its daily activities. A block may be up to 19 hours long. The planners use software to cut the blocks efficiently into pieces of work called runs. Bus operators choose their runs during the bid process.


S&DS Senior and Disabled Services – A division of the Lane Council of Governments.

SAC: Service Advisory Committee – Employee representatives who meet as needed to discuss service issues and advise Service Planning and Marketing staff about bus service planning and operations. This group effectively interacts among employees and Service Planning and Marketing staff.

SAFETEA-LU: Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users – Enacted in August 2005, authorizes the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit through FY 2009.

SBPG: Standard Bus Procurement Guidelines – Guidelines developed through an open and inclusive industry consensus process, funded by the Transit Cooperative Research Association (TCRP) and under the guidance of the American Public Transportation Association (APTA).

SCHEDULE HOURS: This is the sum of all revenue and non-revenue service hours the bus is in operation. This includes prep time, deadhead time (traveling to the beginning of a route), and layovers.

SCHEDULED FREE TIME: Paid time to individual operators to bring scheduled hours worked up to contractual minimums.

SCHEDULED SPLIT TIME: Thirty minutes of paid time for all scheduled runs with a split of 36 minutes or more from the end of the first piece of work to the start of the second piece of work.

SCHEDULED TRAVEL TIME: Bus operators are often required to begin their run/duty at a location out in the system. Travel time is the time paid to get the operator to the starting point of the run/duty.

SCTS: Santa Clara Transit Station – A transit station located at the former Santa Clara Elementary School site on River Road between Green Lane and Hunsaker Lane in North Eugene.

SDS: Senior and Disability Services – A division of the Lane Council of Governments.

SELF-EMPLOYMENT TAXES: Revenues generated from tax imposed on self-employed individuals within the transit district based on the individual’s non-excluded federal Schedule SE income.

SERVICE HOURS :Total time a bus is in operation, including non-revenue service travel time between the garage and the start and end of route service.

SGR: State of Good Repair – An FTA grant program initiated to support reinvestment in bus fleets and bus facilities for both urbanized and rural areas.

SHAREPOINT: A web-based collaborative platform that integrates with Microsoft Office. A document management and storage system.

SIGNAL PREEMPTION: Guarantees a green light at an intersection; available for emergency vehicles only.

SIGNAL PRIORITY: Provides priority for transit vehicles at signalized intersections.

SMARTTRIPS: An individualized marketing program that promotes available transportation options to households and businesses living within a target neighborhood or geographic boundary. Small Starts  A new category within the New Starts program for a fixed-guideway project with a total cost of less than $250 million and a maximum cost of $75 million New Starts grant funding.

SMART WAYS TO SCHOOL PROGRAM: A program to implement transportation options programs and measure the effectiveness of efforts at selected school sites in the region.

SOV: Single-Occupant Vehicle – A vehicle with one occupant, the driver, who is sometimes referred to as a “drive alone.”

SP: Service Planning (LTD) – An LTD workgroup.

SPAN OF SERVICE: The time between the first bus trip in the morning and the last bus trip at night.

SPECIALIZED SERVICES: At LTD, this represents many programs and services that are provided or coordinated by LTD that incorporates non-general fixed route services. These include mobility management services such as our Cottage Grove Connector, and the programs coordinated through the RideSource Call Center. This also includes our out-of-area grant funded services such as the Diamond Express, Rhody Express, and many of the programs funded through the Statewide Transportation Improvement Fund.

SPECIAL SERVICES: Revenues for contracted transit services (e.g., event shuttles to fairs and sporting events) and purchased charter services (e.g., shuttles for a private group).

SPONSORED SERVICES: Public transportation services that are provided by a transit provider as part of a sponsorship or donation. Common sponsored agencies include local nonprofit agencies who facilitate events and programs.

SRTS: Safe Routes to School – A nationwide program model implemented in the Eugene, Springfield, and Bethel school districts to increase the number of students walking and biking to school.

SSD OR SSI: Social Security Disability and Supplemental Security Income (based on disability) – LTD offers half-price fares to current eligible recipients under the Rider Card program.

STATE-IN-LIEU TAXES: Revenues from the State of Oregon in lieu of payment of employer payroll taxes. Also known as Government Employee payroll taxes.

STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT FUND: Revenues generated from a tax imposed on employees within the transit district based on the employee’s eligible pay.

STBG: The Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBG) provides flexible Federal funding that may be used by States and local agencies for projects to preserve and improve the conditions and performance on public road, pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, and transit capital projects, including intercity bus terminals.

STF: Special Transportation Fund Program serving older adults and people with disabilities – State of Oregon program funded by a tax on tobacco products and other state resources.

STF ADVISORY COMMITTEE: The Special Transportation Fund Committee is a state-mandated advisory committee that advises the LTD Board of Directors in carrying out the purposes of the Special Transportation Fund for older adults and people with disabilities.

STIF: Statewide Transportation Improvement Fund is a new state payroll tax (one-tenth of 1 percent) collected from Oregon employees as a result of the passage of House Bill 2017 and provides a new dedicated source of funding to expand public transportation to access jobs, improve mobility, relieve congestion, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions around Oregon.

STIF ADVISORY COMMITTEE: The LTD Board of Directors has appointed an Advisory Committee to review potential STIF-funded projects and create a prioritized list of projects for the county. The Advisory Committee will meet at least two times per year.

STIP: Statewide Transportation Improvement Plan – Outlines the state’s transportation capital improvement program, listing proposed construction projects for a four-year period. The STIP meets the requirements of MAP-21, the federal act providing funds to states for transportation projects. The STIP is not a planning document. It is a project prioritization and scheduling document.

STP: Surface Transportation Program – Federal flexible funding that allocates a share of federal highway funds to state and local governments for road and transit-related projects.

STP-U: Surface Transportation Program - Urban – STP funds specifically allocated to the Eugene-Springfield urbanized area.

STS: Statewide Transportation Strategy – A long-term vision to reduce transportation-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increase the region’s energy security through integrated transportation and land use planning through 2050.

STRATEGIC PLANNING COMMITTEE: This committee is composed of a core group of representatives from the LTD Board of Directors, key LTD partners including: the Eugene City Council, Springfield City Council, Lane County Board of Commissioners, and Oregon Department of Transportation. The committee also includes a diverse set of representatives from within the community. The Strategic Planning Committee provides the LTD Board of Directors with independent advice on strategic planning issues related to advancing the goals of the Long-Range Transit Plan, including but not limited to, developing the Frequent Transit Network, making better connections, reducing trip and waiting times, bridging the first and last mile, creating safer ways to access service, and optimizing solutions for urban and rural areas. 

STRR: Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act (State) – Authorizes funds for federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, transit programs, and for other purposes.

SUMMER BID: The term “bid” refers to the selection of work by bus operators. Operators bid based upon their seniority in the union. LTD has three bids per year: fall, winter, and summer. Bids are timed with the service adjustment.

SUPPLEMENTAL BUDGET: A requirement of Oregon Budget Law when there is a modification to the currently adopted budget. A supplemental budget is used to: 1) increase or decrease appropriations, 2) create a new appropriation category, or 3) create a new fund.


T4AMERICA: (See Transportation for America.)

TAM: Transit Asset Management – An FTA business model that prioritizes funding based on the condition of transit assets, in order to achieve or maintain transit networks in a state of good repair. 

TCRP: Transit Cooperative Research Association – A nonprofit educational and research arm of the American Public Transportation Association (APTA). The TCRP undertakes applied research and technical activities focusing on the needs of transit operating agencies. Research is conducted in all areas of public transportation, including operations, policy, planning, service configuration, engineering of vehicles and facilities, maintenance, human resources, and administration.

TDM: Transportation Demand Management – Refers to various strategies that change travel behavior (how, when, and where people travel) in order to increase transport system efficiency and achieve specific planning objectives.

TGM: Transportation Growth Management Program - This is a partnership of the Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Oregon Department of Transportation. The program includes federal funding to partner with local governments to link land use and transportation planning to boost transportation choices.

TIGER: Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery – The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 appropriated $1.5 billion in discretionary grant funds to be awarded by the U.S. Department of Transportation for capital investments in surface transportation infrastructure. Grants are awarded for transportation investments that have a significant impact on the nation, a metropolitan area, or a region.

TIGGER: Transit Investments in Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction – The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ( ARRA) provided $100 million to be distributed as discretionary grants to public transit agencies for capital investments that will assist in reducing the energy consumption or greenhouse gas emissions of public transportation systems.

TIP: Transportation Improvement Plan (local or regional) – A program for transportation projects, developed by a metropolitan planning organization, in conjunction with the state.

TMA: Transportation Management Area – An area designated by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, having an urbanized area population of over 200,000, or upon special request from the Governor and the metropolitan planning organization (MPO), or under special circumstances designated for the area.

TOGO: Transportation Options Group of Oregon – TOGO was formed to promote transportation options and balanced transportation systems. TOGO’s goal is to create a greater awareness of transportation options and to provide a format for transportation options professionals and/or other interested entities or individuals to exchange and distribute information at the local/ regional level. Transportation options include but are not limited to: transit (bus and light rail), car/vanpooling, walking, bicycling, teleworking, use of telecenters, car sharing, close-to-home commuting, park and rides, creative work schedules, commuter rail, and train.

TPC: Transportation Planning Committee – A Lane Council of Governments committee that undertakes the technical activities necessary for the continuing comprehensive and cooperative transportation planning process in the Central Lane Metropolitan Planning Organization (CLMPO) area, as described in the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP).

TRAMS: TrAMS is the Transit Award Management System, FTA’s platform to award and manage federal grants. The TrAMS system maintains information on each recipient organization and the organization’s compliance with eligibility requirements for awards, and tracks individual users within the organization. TrAMS is a web-based tool developed to allow recipients to apply for federal funds, manage their programs in accordance with federal requirements, and provide FTA with a method to approve, control, and oversee the distribution of funds.

TRANSIT LANE: Traffic lane reserved for transit-only use.

TRANSIT TOMORROW: The Comprehensive Operations Analysis project put on hold as COVID-19 shut down our community.

TRANSIT TRAINING & HOSTS: LTD program operated under contract to provide assistance with transfers and riding information at the Eugene Station and conduct one-on-one travel training for people with disabilities who desire to learn to use the bus. Promotes and supports the use of fixed-route service as an alternative to using RideSource paratransit.

TRANSITWAY: Transit-only lane with curbs; used interchangeably with guideway.

TRANSPORTATION DISADVANTAGED: Persons who must rely on public transit or paratransit services for most of their transportation. Typically refers to individuals of age without access or ability to legally operate a personal vehicle.

TRANSPORTATION FOR AMERICA: A growing, national coalition committed to creating a new national transportation program that will take America into the 21st Century by building a modernized infrastructure and healthy communities where people can live, work and play.

TRANSPORTATION OPTIONS: A grant-funded program housed at Lane Transit District charged with the coordination and implementation of many of the region’s transportation options.

TRIENNIAL REVIEW: (See Comprehensive Review.)

TRANSPLAN: The Eugene and Springfield Area Transportation Plan consists of longrange projects and policies addressing optimal ways that cars, buses, bicycles, and pedestrians can travel in the Eugene-Springfield region. TransPlan serves as the regional transportation plan (RTP) for the Eugene-Springfield metropolitan area.

TSP: Transportation System Plan – A requirement of Oregon law, which governs plans at the county level as well as cities within LTD’s service area. The TSPs identify improvements for all modes of transportation including roadway, bicycle and pedestrian, transit, and rail networks.

TVM: Ticket Vending Machine – A fare machine on the platform of the EmX stations for riders to purchase bus passes.


UMO: Umo is the fare collection system used by LTD to provide electronic fare validation that helps speed up boarding, provides improved convenience for customers who don’t have to carry exact change, and creates the ability for our partners such as group pass organizations, non-profit organizations and schools to be able to manage their own fare programs. In addition, aggregated data is collected providing the tools to understand how our system is used which is valuable as we evaluate how to best deploy service in our community. Fares can be paid using a mobile app, or a tapcard.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: Economic indicator that calculates the percentage of unemployed workers as compared to total employment.

UNITED FRONT: A coalition of local governments in the Eugene-Springfield area supporting a broad, collective federal agenda.

UPWP: Unified Planning Work Program – A federally required certification document developed for the Central Lane MPO that describes the transportation planning activities to be undertaken in and surrounding the Central Lane metropolitan area.

UZA: Urbanized Area – A U.S. Bureau of Census-designed area of 50,000 or more inhabitants consisting of a central city or two adjacent cities plus surrounding densely settled territory, but excluding the rural portion of cities.


VACATION BID: Process by which bus operators choose their vacation time in seniority order based on a limited number of vacation spots available each week.

VANPOOL: Program to coordinate intercity commuter transit utilizing a 7- to 15-passenger van driven by one of the commuters.

VEBA: Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association – Employer-paid employee benefit to assist with co-pays, deductibles, and other health care related costs incurred by the employee.

VMT: Vehicle Miles Traveled – Total number of miles traveled by all the vehicles on the road or road system for a given period of time. The more cars there are on the road at the same time in the same area, the higher the VMT and the worse congestion will be. Reducing VMT can help ease traffic congestion.


WINTER BID: The term “bid” refers to the selection of work by bus operators. Operators bid based upon their seniority in the union. LTD has three bids per year: fall, winter, and summer. Bids are timed with the service adjustments.

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